Brush. Small business owners give gifts or special bonus payments to their employees between Dhanteras and Lakshmi Pujan. [28][29][30] The main day of the festival of Diwali (the day of Lakshmi Puja) is an official holiday in Fiji,[31] Guyana,[32] India, Malaysia (except Sarawak),[33] Mauritius, Myanmar,[34] Nepal,[35] Pakistan,[36] Singapore,[37] Sri Lanka, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago. [130][131] While the cleaning, or painting, of the home is in part for goddess Lakshmi, it also signifies the ritual "reenactment of the cleansing, purifying action of the monsoon rains" that would have concluded in most of the Indian subcontinent. The women, in particular, adorn themselves in colourful attire and decorate their hands with henna. In Indian culture, time plays an important role. [169][170] Barack Obama became the first president to personally attend Diwali at the White House in 2009. [46][note 2], The five-day celebration is observed every year in early autumn after the conclusion of the summer harvest, coincides with the new moon (amāvasyā) and is deemed the darkest night of the Hindu lunisolar calendar. People wish their family and friends happy Diwali by sending them cards and messages. (federal) = federal holidays, (abbreviation) = state/territorial holidays, (religious) = religious holidays, (cultural) = holiday related to a specific racial/ethnic group or sexual minority, (week) = week-long holidays, (month) = month-long holidays, (36) = Title 36 Observances and Ceremonies [113] Some communities, particularly those active in Ayurvedic and health-related professions, pray or perform havan rituals to Dhanvantari on Dhanteras. The darkest night is the apex of the celebration and coincides with the second half of October or early November in the Gregorian calendar. Pikbest provides excellent and attractive Diwali Beautiful greeting with diya for festival of lights materials for free download. For example, the Singaporean government, in association with the Hindu Endowment Board of Singapore, organises many cultural events during Diwali every year. Save. However, the focus of the Jain Diwali remains the dedication to Mahavira. [79], Hindus of eastern India associate the festival with the goddess Kali, who symbolises the victory of good over evil. It celebrates the sister-brother bond, similar in spirit to Raksha Bandhan but it is the brother that travels to meet the sister and her family. To improve your health, position diyas facing east. Beautiful happy diwali greeting with diya for festival of lights. Confectioners and shops create Diwali-themed decorative displays, selling these in large quantities, which are stocked for home celebrations to welcome guests and as gifts. Give your diyas a more … Diwali along with Holi for Hindus, and Easter for Christians, was adopted as public holiday resolution by Pakistan's parliament in 2016, giving the local governments and public institutions the right to declare Holi as a holiday and grant leave for its minority communities, for the first time. [111], Diwali is a post-harvest festival celebrating the bounty following the arrival of the monsoon in the subcontinent. [106] Merchants seek Lakshmi's blessings in their ventures and will ritually close their accounting year during Diwali. [100][101][note 10], Diwali is not a festival for most Buddhists, with the exception of the Newar people of Nepal who revere various deities in the Vajrayana Buddhism and celebrate Diwali by offering prayers to Lakshmi. The day also marks a major shopping day to purchase new utensils, home equipment, jewellery, firecrackers, and other items. Essay on Diwali in English (Diwali Essay in 100 words) Diwali means ‘the festival of lights’. Vastu Shastra: Did You Just Bring Home Bad Luck? and for Diwali people decorate their houses, shops, streets with decorative lights and diyas. "This Diwali, let us also light a Diya as a #Salute2Soldiers who fearlessly protect our nation. [106] Fertility motifs appear in agricultural offerings brought before Lakshmi by farming families, who give thanks for the recent harvests and seek her blessings for prosperous future crops. [147], During the season of Diwali, numerous rural townships and villages host melas,[148] or fairs, where local producers and artisans trade produce and goods. [38], Diwali (English: /dɪˈwɑːliː/)[8] or Divali[42] is from the Sanskrit dīpāvali meaning "row or series of lights". This is believed to please Yama (Yamraj), the god of death, and to ward off untimely death. [43][44] The term is derived from the Sanskrit words dīpa, "lamp, light, lantern, candle, that which glows, shines, illuminates or knowledge"[45] and āvali, "a row, range, continuous line, series". Generally, we celebrate Diwali on Amavasya or the no moon night. Welcome wealth into your life, keep diyas facing north or northeast. [120], The third day is the height of the festival,[121] and coincides with the last day of the dark fortnight of the lunar month. You can either use straight wicks or puffed wicks to light diyas. [129], On the night of Diwali, rituals across much of India are dedicated to Lakshmi to welcome her into their cleaned homes and bring prosperity and happiness for the coming year. In many parts of India, people worship the deities Lakshmi, Ganesha and Kuber on Diwali. [143] In historic times, this was a day in autumn when brothers would travel to meet their sisters, or invite their sister's family to their village to celebrate their sister-brother bond with the bounty of seasonal harvests. By lighting the diya, you dispel negativity from your mind and soul. Sparkle glue. For other uses, see, Indoor Diwali decorations in front of an altar, Line of lamps at Bedara Kannappa temple, Mysore. [137][138] In another interpretation, it is thought to reference the legend of Parvati and her husband Shiva playing a game of dyuta (dice) on a board of twelve squares and thirty pieces, Parvati wins. Here is what Vastu experts say: Apart from these Vastu tips, you should keep in mind that a Diwali diya should remain burning throughout the night. ", Some inscriptions mention the festival of lights in Prakrit terms such as, The Sanskrit inscription is in the Grantha script. Straight wicks attract superior deities while puffed wicks attract inferior ones. By lighting the diya, you dispel negativity from your mind and soul. Happy diwali gold candle light indian greeting card lettering text. Place a new wick beside the old one. [47][122], The youngest members in the family visit their elders, such as grandparents and other senior members of the community, on this day. [104] According to some observers, this traditional celebration by Newar Buddhists in Nepal, through the worship of Lakshmi and Vishnu during Diwali, is not syncretism but rather a reflection of the freedom within Mahayana Buddhist tradition to worship any deity for their worldly betterment. Hindus, in particular, have a ritual oil bath at dawn on each day of the festival. [163], Diwali has increasingly attracted cultural exchanges, becoming occasions for politicians and religious leaders worldwide to meet Hindu or Indian origin citizens, diplomatic staff or neighbours. Sometimes these are wrapped with edible silver foil (vark). It is very spiritual in India and usually placed in the temple at the time of aarti. In Hindu tradition, the lighting of a Diya is an important part … [57] The Venetian merchant and traveller Niccolò de' Conti visited India in the early 15th-century and wrote in his memoir, "on another of these festivals they fix up within their temples, and on the outside of the roofs, an innumerable number of oil lamps... which are kept burning day and night" and that the families would gather, "clothe themselves in new garments", sing, dance and feast. According to a Government of Himachal Pradesh and India publication, the Vishvakarma puja is observed on the fourth day of Diwali in the Himalayan state. Diwali Status in English for Boyfriend. Download this free picture about Diwali Diya Deepavali from Pixabay's vast library of public domain images and videos. Free shipping for many products! [136] It is regionally called Annakut (heap of grain), Padwa, Goverdhan puja, Bali Pratipada, Bali Padyami, Kartik Shukla Pratipada and other names. [180][181], A study of residential areas of Delhi in 2006–08, found that concentration of particulate matter as well as sulphur dioxide increased on the day of Diwali relative to other days of the month and that the increase could be exacerbated by prevailing meteorological conditions; there was also a correlated increase in ambient noise levels. [66] In his paper on The Lunar Year of the Hindus, Jones, then based in Bengal, noted four of the five days of Diwali in the autumn months of Aswina-Cartica [sic] as the following: Bhutachaturdasi Yamaterpanam (2nd day), Lacshmipuja dipanwita (the day of Diwali), Dyuta pratipat Belipuja (4th day), and Bhratri dwitiya (5th day). Save. [55], Diwali was also described by numerous travellers from outside India. The most popular color? Glitter Diya. [48] (According to Indologist Constance Jones, this night ends the lunar month of Ashwin and starts the month of Kartik[49] – but see this note[note 3] and Amanta and Purnima systems.) [51] In Nepal, it is also a multiday festival, although the days and rituals are named differently, with the climax being called the Tihar festival by Hindus and Swanti festival by Buddhists. This legend is remembered through the ritual of building small mountain-like miniatures from cow dung. Potters get ready to sell their wares as Diwali is just around the corner. It is believed that spirits roam around on the night of Kali Chaudas, and Hanuman, who is the deity of strength, power, and protection, is worshipped to seek protection from the spirits. [119][123] Shops either do not open or close early on this day allowing employees to enjoy family time. Before Diwali people start cleaning their houses, shops etc. [55][56] Rajasekhara referred to Deepavali as Dipamalika in his 9th century Kavyamimamsa, wherein he mentions the tradition of homes being whitewashed and oil lamps decorated homes, streets and markets in the night. [84], Mythical tales shared on Diwali vary widely depending on region and even within Hindu tradition,[86] yet all share a common focus on righteousness, self-inquiry and the importance of knowledge,[87][88] which, according to Lindsey Harlan, an Indologist and scholar of Religious Studies, is the path to overcoming the "darkness of ignorance". 2. [109][110] Many towns organise community parades and fairs with parades or music and dance performances in parks. The devotion and dedication of Hanuman pleased Rama so much that he blessed Hanuman to be worshipped before him. Traditionally, Marathi Hindus and South Indian Hindus receive an oil massage from the elders in the family on the day and then take a ritual bath, all before sunrise. The Diwali night's lights and firecrackers, in this interpretation, represent a celebratory and symbolic farewell to the departed ancestral souls. [139] In Gujarat, Annakut is the first day of the new year and celebrated through the purchase of essentials, or sabras (literally, "good things in life"), such as salt, offering prayers to Krishna and visiting temples. Critics stated that the ruling was judicial over-reach and a bias against Hindu culture, while supporters stated that it would be beneficial to public health. Glitter. Wondering how to make Diwali diya at home? Help is on the way! Like. Metals like brass are good conductors of positive energy. However, job losses due to the Coronavirus pandemic and a slump in the economy haven't left many reasons for many families to celebrate. Write to us at Illustrative Islamic records, states Stephen Blake, include those of 16th-century Sheikh Ahmad Sirhindi who wrote, "during Diwali.... the ignorant ones amongst Muslims, particularly women, perform the ceremonies... they celebrate it like their own Id and send presents to their daughters and sisters,.... they attach much importance and weight to this season [of Diwali]. [59], Islamic historians of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire era also mentioned Diwali and other Hindu festivals. Shop with confidence. [11][12][77][78], The religious significance of Diwali varies regionally within India. [106] A symbolic piece of traditional fertiliser, a dried piece of cow dung, is included in the ensemble in Odisha and Deccan region villages, an agricultural motif according to Kinsley. In some parts of India, the day after Lakshmi Puja is marked with the Govardhan Puja and Balipratipada (Padwa). If you do not own a tulsi plant, place diyas in your kitchen. Lit diyas help to dispel the darkness of this night and radiate light. Shopkeepers and small operations perform puja rituals in their office premises. For this purpose, people generally use an Akhand diya. Diwali (also: Deepawali) is one of India 's biggest festivals. Diwali is usually celebrated twenty days after the Dashera (Dasara, Dasain) festival, with Dhanteras, or the regional equivalent, marking the first day of the festival when celebrants prepare by cleaning their homes and making decorations on the floor, such as rangolis. Importance of Diwali Diya lighting Diyas are associated with auspicious and positive vibes. Thousands of new, high … [130] Vaishnava families recite Hindu legends of the victory of good over evil and the return of hope after despair on the Diwali night, where the main characters may include Rama, Krishna, Vamana or one of the avatars of Vishnu, the divine husband of Lakshmi.
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